1. George Barna, Today’s Pastors: A Revealing Look at What Pastors Are Saying About Themselves, Their Peers and the Pressures They Face (Ventura, CA: Regal Books, 1993). All 1992 data from this source.
  2. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P20–484. https://www.census.gov/prod/1/pop/p20- 484.pdf (accessed October 2016).
  3. U.S. Bureau of the Census, “America’s Families and Living Arrangements: 2014). http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2014A.html (accessed October 2016). 4. Median 1992 incomes adjusted for inflation. http://www.usinflationcalculator.com/ (accessed October 2016).
  4. 5. Cynthia Woolever and Deborah Bruce, Leadership That Fits Your Church: What Kind of Pastor for What Kind of Congregation (Atlanta, GA: Chalice Press, 2012), pp. 12–13.
  5. 6. Steven H. Chapman, Mitchell P. LaPlante and Gail Wilensky, “Life Expectancy and Health Status of the Aged,” Social Security Bulletin, Oct. 1986, vol. 49, no. 10. https://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/ssb/v49n10/v49n10p24.pdf (accessed December 2016). See also https://www.google.com/publicdata/explore?ds=d5bncppjof8f9_&met_y=sp_dyn_le00_in- &idim=country:USA:CAN:GBR&hl=en&dl=en (accessed December 2016).
  6. 7. Jackson W. Carroll, “First- and Second-Career Clergy: Some Comparisons and Questions,” Pulpit & Pew, 2002. http:// pulpitandpew.org/first-and-second-career-clergy-some-comparisons-and-questions (accessed December 2016).
  7. 8. Dave Carpenter, “Many Clergy Ill-Prepared for Retirement,” USA Today, June 5, 2010. http://usatoday30.usatoday. com/news/religion/2010-06-05-clergy-retire_N.htm (accessed December 2016).
  8. 9. G. Barna, Today’s Pastors, p. 60.
  9. 10. U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Selected Characteristics of People 15 and Over by Total Money Income, Work Experience, Race, Hispanic Origin and Sex,” PINC-01. http://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/income-poverty/ cps-pinc/pinc-01.html (accessed October 2016).
  10. 11. Barna Group, Church Startups and Money: The Myths and Realities of Church Planters and Finances (Ventura, CA: Barna Group, 2016), p. 25.
  11. 12. Barna Group, The Porn Phenomenon: The Impact of Pornography in the Digital Age (Ventura, CA: Barna Group, 2016), pp. 80–83.
  12. 13. Ibid., p. 43. Twelve percent of U.S. women 25 and older report seeking out pornography up to once or twice a month, compared to 47 percent of men.
  13. 14. E. J. Krumrei Mancuso and S. V. Rouse, “The Development and Validation of the Comprehensive Intellectual Humility Scale,” Journal of Personality Assessment, Nov. 2015, pp. 209–221. doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2015.1068174 (accessed October 2016).
  14. 15. B. M. DePaulo, K. Charlton, H. Cooper, J. J. Lindsay and L. Muhlenbruck, “The Accuracy-Confidence Correlation in the Detection of Deception,” Personality and Social Psychology Review, Nov. 1997, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 346–357. doi:10.1207/ s15327957pspr0104_5 (accessed October 2016); S. Sporer, S. Penrod, D. Read and B. Cutler, “Choosing, Confidence and Accuracy: A Meta-Analysis of the Confidence-Accuracy Relation in Eyewitness Identification Studies, Psychological Bulletin, Nov. 1995, vol. 118. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.118.3.315 (accessed October 2016).
  15. 16. Krumrei Mancuso and Rouse, pp. 209–221.
  16. 17. E. J. Krumrei Mancuso, “Intellectual Humility and Prosocial Values: Direct and Mediated Effects,” Journal of Positive Psychology, April 2016. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2016.1167938 (accessed October 2016).
  17. 18. Simon Sinek, Start with Why: How Great Leaders Inspire Everyone to Take Action (New York: Portfolio, 2009).
  18. 19. Barna Group, Transforming Scotland: The State of Christianity, Faith and the Church in Scotland (Ventura, CA: Barna Group, 2015), p. 55.
  19. 20. Neil Patel, “90% of Startups Fail: Here’s What You Need to Know About the 10%,” Forbes.com, Jan. 16, 2015. http:// www.forbes.com/sites/neilpatel/2015/01/16/90-of-startups-will-fail-heres-what-you-need-to-know-about-the10/#4d5d7cbe55e1 (accessed November 2016).
  20. 21. Thom S. Rainer, “Seven Ways Pastors (and Others) Can Develop Thicker Skin,” ThomRainer.com, October 26, 2013. http://thomrainer.com/2013/10/seven-ways-pastors-and-others-can-develop-thicker-skin/ (accessed October 2016).
  21. 2. Kristen Doerer, “U.S. Has a Lousy Work-Life Balance,” PBS NewsHour, July 3, 2015. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/ updates/u-s-lousy-work-life-balance/ (accessed October 2016).
  22. 23. G. Barna, Today’s Pastors, pp. 65–67.
  23. 24. George Barna and David Kinnaman, Gen. Editors, Churchless: Understanding Today’s Unchurched and How to Connect with Them (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2014).
  24. 25. David Kinnaman and Gabe Lyons, Good Faith: Being a Christian When Society Thinks You’re Irrelevant and Extreme (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 2016).
  25. 26. To be addressed in Barna’s forthcoming Faith Leaders on Religious Liberty report.
  26. 27. Dallas Willard, Knowing Christ Today (New York: HarperOne, 2009), p. 198.
  27. 28. Barna Group, “Religious Beliefs Have Greatest Influence on Voting Decisions,” Research release Oct. 27, 2016. https:// www.barna.com/research/religious-beliefs-have-greatest-influence-on-voting-decisions/ (accessed November 2016).
  28. 29. See The Bible in America: The Changing Landscape of Bible Perceptions and Engagement (Ventura, CA: Barna, 2016).
  29. 30. For an overview of the biblical and historic understanding of these ideas, see Theology of Work Project, “Calling & Vocation: Overview,” TheologyOfWork.org. https://www.theologyofwork.org/key-topics/vocation-overview-article (accessed November 2016).
  30. 31. Kenneth L. Woodward, Getting Religion: Faith, Culture, and Politics from the Age of Eisenhower to the Era of Obama (New York: Convergent Books, 2016), p. 102.
  31. 32. Stanley McChrystal, Tantum Collins, David Silverman and Chris Fussell, Team of Teams: New Rules of Engagement for a Complex World (New York: Portfolio / Penguin, 2015).
  32. 33. Ronald A. Heifetz, Marty Linsky and Alexander Grashow, The Practice of Adaptive Leadership: Tools and Tactics for Changing Your Organization and the World (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Review Press, 2009).
  33. 34. George Barna, A Fish Out of Water: 9 Strategies Effective Leaders Use to Get You Back into the Flow (Nashville, TN: Integrity, 2002).
  34. 35. Kinnaman and Lyons, Good Faith, pp. 43–45.